ヒラリー大統領、ビル副大統領はあり得るか?論争

2008年の米大統領選挙への出馬を期待されているヒラリー・クリントン元大統領夫人。当選すれば、ビルさんは“first gentleman”ということになりますが、それにとどまらず、副大統領となって“クリントン-クリントン政権”を作ることは可能か?という議論が広がっています。

そんなの無理というのが、一般的な見解でした。

The 12th Amendment (合衆国憲法修正第12条)
No person constitutionally ineligible to the office of President shall be eligible to that of Vice-President.
「大統領となる資格を持たない者は、副大統領になれないものとする」

大統領が死去した場合などは副大統領が昇格することになるため、この規定が設けられています。
米大統領は3選を禁止されているので、すでに2期を務めたビルさんは、もう大統領にはなれません。よって、副大統領にもなれないというわけです。

しかし、「ビルはもう大統領になれない」という見解自体に、異を唱える声も。3選を禁ずる条文の解釈次第だと言うのです。

The 22th Amendment (合衆国憲法修正第22条)
No person shall be elected to the office of the President more than twice.
「いかなる者も、二度を超えて大統領に選出されることはできない」

この、“elected”(選出されて)がポイントです。ビルさんは、たしかに選挙を通して大統領になることはできないけれど、副大統領から昇格して大統領になることはできる、よって、副大統領になる資格もある、というわけです。

これに対し、さらに反論が上がっています。
副大統領は大統領とともに投票されるのだから、昇格して大統領になったとしても、結局投票で選ばれてるのと同じやんけ、という意見も。

2000年のゴア氏立候補時にもあった気がするこの議論、決着はつきませんが、もし「可能」だとしても、しょせんは机上の空論。政治的には、ヒラリーがビルを副大統領候補に指名することは、あり得ないそうです。


今日のワンポイト
amendment

「修正条項」
合衆国憲法が修正された場合、元の条文に手を加えず、修正第1条、修正第2条・・・と、どんどん追加されていきます。

“The 22th amendment represents a considered judgment by the people, after Franklin Roosevelt's lengthy stay, which deserves continuing respect”
「修正22条は、F.D.ルーズベルト大統領の長期政権(4期)をふまえ、人々が熟慮して下した判断を表すもの。その真意を、引き続き尊重すべき」


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VP Bill? Depends on Meaning of 'Elected'
記事URL
http://www.washingtonpost.com/wp-dyn/content/article/2006/10/19/AR2006101901572.html?nav=hcmodule

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この記事へのコメント

2006年10月24日 09:56
お早うございます。
数日 空けますが 戻りましたら また宜しくお願いします。
さぶ
2006年10月24日 18:39
こんにちは。なぜヒラリーがクリントンを副大統領に指名することが現実的ではないのでしょうか?
2006年10月25日 05:34
レレレ、テンポウさんおでかけですか?新しいネタをいっぱい仕入れてきてください。Have a nice trip!
2006年10月25日 05:36
さぶさん、こんにちは。正しいか分かりませんが、支持基盤がダブって得票面で不利になるから、という理由が大きいのでは?
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